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phkrause

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January 11
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1964
U.S. Surgeon General announces definitive link between smoking and cancer
United States Surgeon General Luther Terry knew his report was a bombshell. He intentionally chose to release it on January 11, 1964, a Saturday, so as to limit its immediate effects on the stock market. It was on this date that, on behalf of the U.S. Government, Terry announced a definitive link be... read more
American Revolution
1775
Jewish Patriot joins Provincial Congress of South Carolina
Art, Literature, and Film History
1927
Charlie Chaplin's assets frozen
1978
"Song of Solomon" wins National Book Critics Circle Award
Civil War
1863
Battle of Arkansas Post
Cold War
1989
President Reagan gives his farewell address
Crime
2012
Joran van der Sloot admits to Peru murder
EARLY 20th CENTURY U.S.
1908
Theodore Roosevelt makes Grand Canyon a national monument
Exploration
1935
Amelia Earhart flies from Hawaii to California
Holocaust
2010
Miep Gies, who hid Anne Frank, dies at 100
Russia
1928
Stalin banishes Trotsky
Sports
1973
American League adopts designated hitter rule

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January 12
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2010
Massive earthquake strikes Haiti
On January 12, 2010, Haiti is devastated by a massive earthquake. It drew an outpouring of support from around the globe but the small nation has yet to fully recover. Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, due largely to its history of colonization, occupation and exploitation by S... read more
Africa
1879
British-Zulu War begins
1984
Pyramid mystery unearthed
American Revolution
1777
Hugh Mercer dies from wounds received in Battle of Princeton
Art, Literature, and Film History
1926
Original "Amos 'n' Andy" debuts on Chicago radio
1981
"Dynasty" premieres on ABC
Cold War
1954
U.S. announces policy of "massive retaliation" against Communist aggressors
Crime
1995
Malcolm X's daughter arrested for attempted murder
Inventions & Science
1904
Henry Ford sets speed record
Natural Disasters & Environment
1888
Blizzard brings tragedy to Northwest Plains
Vietnam War
1962
Operation Ranch Hand initiated
Westward Expansion
1838
Joseph Smith abandons Ohio
Women's History
1932
Hattie Wyatt Caraway becomes first woman elected to U.S. Senate
World War I
1919
Leaders of the Big Four nations meet for the first time in Paris
World War II
1943
Soviet forces penetrate the siege of Leningrad

phkrause

Obstinacy is a barrier to all improvement. - ChL 60
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January 13
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1128
Pope recognizes Knights Templar
On January 13, 1128, Pope Honorius II grants a papal sanction to the military order known as the Knights Templar, declaring it to be an army of God. Led by the Frenchman Hughes de Payens, the Knights Templar organization was founded in 1118. Its self-imposed mission was to protect Christian pilgrims... read more
1980s
1982
Plane crashes into Potomac River
Art, Literature, and Film History
1941
James Joyce dies
1962
Comedian Ernie Kovacs dies in car crash
1968
Johnny Cash performs at Folsom Prison
Civil War
1807
Union General Napoleon Bonaparte Buford is born
Cold War
1950
Soviets boycott United Nations Security Council
Crime
1939
Doc Barker is killed by prison guards as he attempts to escape
1958
The Manuel Massacres
1987
Connecticut man arrested for wood-chipper murder
Great Britain
1842
After massacre, sole surviving British soldier escapes Kabul
Immigration
1903
First group of Korean immigrants enter Hawaii
Sports
1986
NCAA adopts controversial Proposition 48
1995
All-female team competes in America's Cup sailing for first time
1999
Michael Jordan retires for a second time
U.S. Presidents
1966
Lyndon Johnson appoints first African American cabinet member
U.S. Government
1990
Douglas Wilder of Virginia becomes the nation's first African American governor
Westward Expansion
1929
Wyatt Earp dies in Los Angeles

phkrause

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January 14
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1784
Continental Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris, ending the American Revolution
On January 14, 1784, the Continental Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris, ending the War for Independence.In the document, which was known as the Second Treaty of Paris because the Treaty of Paris was also the name of the agreement that had ended the Seven Years’ War in 1763, Britain... read more
1960s
1969
Explosion rocks USS Enterprise
19th CENTURY
1875
Albert Schweitzer born
American Revolution
1741
Benedict Arnold, American traitor, born
Art, Literature, and Film History
1954
Marilyn Monroe marries Joe DiMaggio
1970
Diana Ross and the Supremes perform their final concert
Colonial America
1639
The first colonial constitution
Inventions & Science
1920
Dodge co-founder dies
Sports
1973
Miami Dolphins win Super Bowl VII to cap NFL's only perfect season
U.S. Presidents
1942
FDR orders "enemy aliens" to register
1943
FDR becomes first president to travel by airplane on U.S. official business
U.S. Government
1980
Gold prices soar
U.S. Politics
1963
George Wallace inaugurated as Alabama governor

phkrause

Obstinacy is a barrier to all improvement. - ChL 60
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January 15
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1929
Martin Luther King Jr. born
On January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King Jr. is born in Atlanta, Georgia, the son of a Baptist minister. King received a doctorate degree in theology and in 1955 helped organize the first major protest of the African American civil rights movement: the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott. Influenced b... read more
21st Century
2009
Pilot Sully Sullenberger performs "Miracle on the Hudson"
Africa
1970
Qaddafi becomes premier of Libya
American Revolution
1777
Vermont declares independence from colony of New York
Art, Literature, and Film History
1831
"The Hunchback of Notre Dame" is finished
1972
"American Pie" hits #1 on the pop charts
1981
"Hill Street Blues" begins run
EARLY 20th CENTURY U.S.
1919
Great Boston Molasses Flood
Great Britain
1559
Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England
Sports
1967
Packers beat Chiefs in first Super Bowl
U.S. Politics
1870
First appearance of the Democratic Party donkey
World War I
1919
Rebel leaders are murdered in failed coup in Berlin
World War II
1951
The "Witch of Buchenwald" is sentenced to prison

phkrause

Obstinacy is a barrier to all improvement. - ChL 60
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January 16
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1919
Prohibition is ratified by the states
The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibiting the "manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes," is ratified by the requisite number of states on January 16, 1919. The movement for the prohibition of alcohol began in the early 19th century, when Amer... read more
1990s
1991
The Persian Gulf War begins
Art, Literature, and Film History
1605
Groundbreaking novel "Don Quixote" is published
1938
Benny Goodman brings jazz to Carnegie Hall
1942
Actress Carole Lombard killed in plane crash
Civil War
1861
Crittenden Compromise is killed in Senate
Cold War
1990
Soviets send troops into Azerbaijan
Crime
1936
"Moon Maniac" killer is executed
1997
Bill Cosby's son murdered along CA interstate
Middle East
1979
Shah flees Iran
World War I
1916
Montenegro capitulates to Austro-Hungarian forces
World War II
1945
Hitler descends into his bunker

phkrause

Obstinacy is a barrier to all improvement. - ChL 60
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January 17
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1950
Boston thieves pull off historic Brink's robbery
On January 17, 1950, 11 men steal more than $2 million ($29 million today) from the Brink's Armored Car depot in Boston, Massachusetts. It was the perfect crime — almost — as the culprits weren't caught until January 1956, just days before the statute of limitations for the theft expired. ... read more
1990s
1997
Ireland grants a divorce for the first time in the country's history
19th Century
1893
Americans overthrow Hawaiian monarchy
American Revolution
1781
Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina
Art, Literature, and Film History
1820
English author Anne Brontë is born
1966
NBC greenlights "The Monkees"
Civil War
1865
Heavy rain traps Union Army
Cold War
1966
H-bomb lost in Spain
Crime
1977
The execution of Gary Gilmore
Inventions & Science
1953
Corvette unveiled at GM Motorama
Natural Disasters & Environment
1994
Earthquake rocks Los Angeles
Sports
1916
PGA is formed
1995
NFL's Rams announce move to St. Louis
U.S. Presidents
1961
President Eisenhower warns of military-industrial complex
1994
Paula Jones accuses Bill Clinton of sexual harassment
Vietnam War
1972
President Nixon threatens President Thieu
World War I
1916
Winston Churchill hears speech on the tragedy of war
World War II
1945
Soviets capture Warsaw

phkrause

Obstinacy is a barrier to all improvement. - ChL 60
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January 18
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1919
Post-World War I peace conference begins in Paris
On January 18, 1919, in Paris, France, some of the most powerful people in the world meet to begin the long, complicated negotiations that would officially mark the end of the First World War. Leaders of the victorious Allied powers-France, Great Britain, the United States and Italy-would make most ... read more
Art, Literature, and Film History
1975
"Mandy" is Barry Manilow's first #1 pop hit
1985
Coen brothers release debut film, "Blood Simple"
Civil War
1862
President John Tyler dies
Crime
1990
Washington, D.C. mayor Marion Barry arrested on drug charges
Exploration
1778
Captain Cook reaches Hawaii
1912
Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole
Inventions & Science
2009
GM auctions off historic cars
Sports
1958
NHL is integrated
1996
MLB owners approve interleague play
U.S. Presidents
1803
President Jefferson requests funding for Lewis and Clark expedition
Vietnam War
1950
China and Soviet Union recognize Democratic Republic of Vietnam

phkrause

Obstinacy is a barrier to all improvement. - ChL 60
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January 19
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1809
Edgar Allan Poe is born
On January 19, 1809, poet, author and literary critic Edgar Allan Poe is born in Boston, Massachusetts. By the time he was three years old, both of Poe's parents had died, leaving him in the care of his godfather, John Allan, a wealthy tobacco merchant. After attending school in England, Poe entered... read more
American Revolution
1764
John Wilkes expelled from British Parliament
Art, Literature, and Film History
1993
Fleetwood Mac reunites to play "Don't Stop" at Bill Clinton's first inaugural ball
1993
Production begins on "Toy Story"
China
2007
First McDonald's drive-through opens in Beijing
Civil War
1807
Robert E. Lee born
Crime
1999
Man charged in California cyberstalking case
Exploration
1840
Charles Wilkes claims portion of Antarctica for U.S.
India
1966
Indira Gandhi becomes Indian prime minister
Sports
1952
PGA approves participation of Black golfers
1972
Sandy Koufax becomes youngest player elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
U.S. Presidents
1977
President Ford pardons Tokyo Rose
U.S. Politics
2004
The Howard Dean scream
World War I
1915
First air raid on Britain

phkrause

Obstinacy is a barrier to all improvement. - ChL 60
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January 20
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1981
Iran Hostage Crisis ends
Minutes after Ronald Reagan's inauguration as the 40th president of the United States, the 52 U.S. captives held at the U.S. embassy in Teheran, Iran, are released, ending the 444-day Iran Hostage Crisis. On November 4, 1979, the crisis began when militant Iranian students, outraged that the U.S. go... read more
1990s
1996
Yasser Arafat elected leader of Palestine
Art, Literature, and Film History
1971
Marvin Gaye's hit single "What's Going On?" released
1973
Country star Jerry Lee Lewis rocks the Grand Ole Opry
1993
Actress Audrey Hepburn dies
China
1841